Adventure Traveling And Fun in Oldest Historical Red Fort of India's Capital Delhi

  Red Fort of Delhi



Red Fort which is well known as Lal Quilla  is located in Delhi &  was build by Great Mughal Emperor Shahjahan after 9 years hard work by labour. This fort is 60ft in height & 250 acer in area.This fort symbolising the splendour and power of "Mughal Empire". This Fort has 2 imposing gates. Lahori Gate which is located on the western side  and  Delhi Gate which is located on the eastern side. Lahori Gate is also well known as the "Main Entrance Gate" of this fort.In Time of Shahjahan this citadel was  called  "Urdu-Mualla", but later on it came to be known as "Quilla-I-Mualla / The Fort of Exalted Dignity."
The fort was plundered of its artwork and jewels during Nadir Shah's invasion of the Mughal Empire in 1747. Most of the fort's precious marble structures were subsequently destroyed by British colonialists following the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. The forts's defensive walls were largely spared, and the fortress was subsequently used as a garrison. 



Delhi Traveling
Lal Quila




The Red Fort was also the site where British colonialists put the last Mughal Emperor on trial before exiling him to Rangoon in 1858.During the Second Anglo-Maratha War in 1803, forces of British East India Company defeated Maratha forces in the Battle of Delhi; this ended Maratha rule of the city and their control of the Red Fort.After the battle, the British took over the administration of Mughal territories and installed a Resident at the Red Fort. The last Mughal emperor to occupy the fort, Bahadur Shah II, became a symbol of the 1857 rebellion against the British in which the residents of Shahjahanbad participated. Despite its position as the seat of Mughal power and its defensive capabilities, the Red Fort was not defended during the 1857 uprising against the British. After the rebellion failed, Bahadur Shah II left the fort on 17 September and was apprehended by British forces. He returned to Red Fort as a prisoner of the British, was tried in 1858 and exiled to Rangoon on 7 October of that year. With the end of Mughal reign, the British sanctioned the systematic plunder of valuables from the fort's palaces. All furniture was removed or destroyed; the harem apartments, servants' quarters and gardens were destroyed, and a line of stone barracks built. Only the marble buildings on the east side at the imperial enclosure escaped complete destruction, but were looted and damaged. While the defensive walls and towers were relatively unharmed, more than two-thirds of the inner structures were destroyed by the British. Lord Curzon, Viceroy of India from 1899–1905, ordered repairs to the fort including reconstruction of the walls and the restoration of the gardens complete with a watering system.








Great Shahjahan:


His Full Name is "Mirza Shahabuddin Baig Muhammad Khan Shah Jahan". He was born 5-January-1592 and was died in 22-January-1666. He was the 5th Mughal Emperor who ruled between 1628 to 1658. His Father name is Jahangir. He was considered one of the greatest Mughals of the Timur family. Like his grandfather, Akbar, he was eager to expand his vast empire. In 1658, he fell ill and was confined by his son and successor Aurangzeb in Agra Fort until his death in 1666. His Nick Name was  Khurram. He received a broad education befitting his status as a Mughal prince, which included martial training and exposure to a wide variety of cultural arts, such as poetry and music, most of which was inculcated, according to court chroniclers, under the watchful gaze of his grandfather and his step-grandmother, Empress Ruqaiya. In 1605, as the Akbar lay on his deathbed, Khurram, who at this point was 13, remained by his bedside and refused to move even after his mother tried to retrieve him.


Aurangzeb:


He was a notable expansionist and during his reign, the Mughal Empire temporarily reached its greatest extent. During his lifetime, victories in the south expanded the Mughal Empire to more than 3.2 million square kilometres and he ruled over a population estimated as being in the range of 100–150 million subjects, with an annual yearly tribute of £38,624,680 in 1690. He was born on 3 November 1618, in Dahod, Gujarat. He was the third son and sixth child of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. In June 1626, after an unsuccessful rebellion by his father, Aurangzeb and his brother Dara Shikoh were kept as hostages under their grandparents' Lahore court. On 26 February 1628, Shah Jahan was officially declared the Mughal Emperor, and Aurangzeb returned to live with his parents at Agra Fort, where Aurangzeb received his formal education in Arabic and Persian. His daily allowance was fixed at Rs. 500 which he spent on religious education and the study of history. On 28 May 1633, Aurangzeb escaped death when a powerful war elephant stampeded through the Mughal Imperial encampment. was appointed viceroy of the Deccan in 1636.After Shah Jahan's vassals had been devastated by the alarming expansion of Ahmednagar during the reign of the Nizam Shahi boy-prince Murtaza Shah III, the emperor dispatched Aurangzeb, who in 1636 brought the Nizam Shahi dynasty to an end. In 1637, Aurangzeb married the Safavid princess, Dilras Banu Begum, also known as Rabia-ud-Daurani. She was his first wife and chief consort.He also had an infatuation with a slave girl, Hira Bai, whose death at a young age greatly affected him. In his old age, he was under the charms of his concubine, Udaipuri Bai. The latter had formerly been a companion to Dara Shikoh.


Moti Masjid:


Read Fort Adventure
Religious Place



Moti Masjid is also known as Pearl Mosque. This was Constructed by Cruel Mughal Emperor Aurangzed in 1659 for his personal prayers. The mosque was also used by the ladies of the Zenana. The prayer hall has three arches, and it is divided into two aisles. It is surmounted with three bulbous domes, which were originally covered in gilded copper. The gilded copper was probably lost after the Indian rebellion of 1857.The outer walls are oriented in symmetry with the outer walls of the fort, while the inner walls are at a slightly different orientation to align with the location of Mecca.The eastern door is provided with copper-plated leaves.Another small mosque by the same name was built for private prayer by Aurangzeb's son, the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah I close to the Ajmere Gate of the Dargah of Sufi saint Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, which is located in Mehrauli at the Jahaz Mahal. It is an imitation of the one inside the Red Fort.


Read Fort Traveling
Hammam



Sawan and Bhadon:


According to hindu calendar these are two rainy months.  These Pavillions are two almost identical structures facing on opposite ends of the canal. They are carved out of white marble.


Historical Red Fort
Delhi Traveling


Chawari Bazar:


This Market is located in Front of this Fort.


Water Gate:


This Gate is at the southeastern end of the walls. It was formerly on the riverbank; although the river has changed course since the fort's construction, the name has remained.


Princes' quarter:


North of the Hayat Bakhsh Bagh and the Shahi Burj is the quarter of the imperial princes. These quarters were used by Royal Family Members.

Hira Mahal:


This Place is a pavilion on the southern edge of the fort, built under Bahadur Shah II and at the end of the Hayat Baksh garden.



Royal Red Fort
Hira Mahal




Baoli:


This is one of the few monuments that were not demolished by the British after the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The chambers within the baoli were converted into a Prison.



Delhi Travel
Traveling in India



Hayat Bakhsh Bagh:


This was laid out by shahjhan. The Total Area of This Beautiful Park is  200 Sq Feets. largely destroyed by the British colonial forces following the failed 1857 rebellion. Most of the garden was built over by stone barracks by the British colonialists after 1857. Lord Curzon had some elements of the garden restored.


Royal Life in Delhi
Royal Park





Mehtab Bagh:


Mehtab Bagh is too known as "Moon Garden"  was completely destroyed by  the cruel british empire.



Delhi Traveling Guide
Fun in Red Fort Delhi




Zafar Mahal:


Zafar Mahal  was constructed during the reign of Bahadur Shah II in 1842 and named after him. This pavilion stands in the middle of a pre-existing water tank. It is made out of red sandstone, which was cheaper than white marble.


Red Fort
Historical Tourism in Delhi





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